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Stick - 1101 Buffalo Street

The Stick style emphasizes the wall surface itself as a decorative element, rather than merely as flat planes. Wooden wall planes are enhanced by horizontal, vertical and diagonal boards (stickwork) raised from wall surfaces. The visible stickwork, similar to but unlike true half-timbering, was merely applied decoration, having no structural relation to the underlying balloon frame construction.

Here, the massing, dominated by steeply pitched cross-gabled roofs and the glorious bell tower, is emphasized by powerful detailing in grey painted wood shingles beneath the wide gable on the left, balanced by the cantilevered gable end on the right.

The right gable end is detailed with vertical and diagonal sticks that divide it into smaller triangular surfaces; the central triangles emphasized with grey paint. This gable end, supported by curving brackets, shelters the central extended wall, boldly divided into sections by horizontal and vertical stick details.

A large round stained glass window, surrounded by grey painted areas between vertical and horizontal stick work above three tall stained glass windows dominates that middle section. A broad band with small round white details at the top and three small rectangular spaces below, both picked out with grey paint, accent the central facade.

The left grey painted gable end is accented with a small round window, called an oculus, which is a precursor to the large rose windows found in churches today. The polygonal structure below it, called an apse, a large roofed bay, is at the end of the church's main aisle on the left side.

Between the gable ends, an airy stick structure relieves the solid mass of the bell tower. In an extraordinary architectural turnabout, stick detail, used as ornament for the flat walls of Stick style, here becomes structure for the otherwise massive belfry. The square belfry is anchored by curved grey painted shingled wall sections, supported by curving brackets. The bell tower which calls people to worship also provides the entrance. Above the shed roofed entrance, also supported by curved stick braces, are a pair of tall, stained glass windows.

Overall this structure presents us with an eye catching visual interplay of squares, circles and triangles.

The Stick Style originated in the steeply pitched roofs and multi-textured surfaces of the Gothic style in masonry. This emphasis on the patterned wood wall surfaces of the Stick Style made it the transition style between Gothic and Queen Anne.